Early recognition and interventions are key to reducing symptoms and supporting development and learning for those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Behavioral therapies based on applied behavioral analysis (ABA) are the most effective interventions available. Other therapeutic options to try include occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, drug therapy, and play therapy. Complementary and alternative treatments, such as special diets, herbal supplements, chiropractic care, animal therapy, art therapy, mindfulness, or relaxation therapies may also be used.
It is important to always talk to a doctor before starting any complementary or alternative treatment. Medications can also be used to reduce anxiety, increase concentration, or control aggression. However, it is important to work closely with a healthcare provider or doctor to monitor the effects of medicines. Every person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has different needs, so the best treatment options will always be individualized.